EJB嵌入对象

EJB 3.0中提供了选项嵌入到实体bean的Java POJO(普通Java对象)和嵌入式POJO类的方法允许列名映射。嵌入一个java的POJO必须定义了@ Embeddable注解。

@Embeddable
public class Publisher implements Serializable{
   private String name;
   private String address;
   ...
}

上面的类可以使用@ Embedded批注嵌入

@Entity
public class Book implements Serializable{
   private int id;
   private String name;
   private Publisher publisher;
   ...
   @Embedded
   @AttributeOverrides({
   @AttributeOverride(name = "name", 
                      column = @Column(name = "PUBLISHER")),
   @AttributeOverride(name = "address", 
                      column = @Column(name = "PUBLISHER_ADDRESS"))
   })
   public Publisher getPublisher() {
      return publisher;
   }
   ...
}

 

示例应用程序

让我们创建一个测试EJB应用程序来测试EJB 3.0中的嵌入对象。

步骤 描述
1 创建一个项目的名称EjbComponent下一个包com.tutorialspoint.entity中所解释的EJB -创建应用程序一章。请使用创建的项目EJB -持久性章节因此本章来了解EJB概念嵌入的对象。
2 创建Publisher.java 包下com.tutorialspoint.entity作为解释的EJB -创建应用程序一章。保持不变的文件其余部分。
3 创建Book.java 包下com.tutorialspoint.entity。使用EJB -持久性章节作为参考。保持不变的文件其余部分。
4 清理并生成应用程序,以确保业务逻辑正在按要求。
5 最后,部署在JBoss应用服务器jar文件的形式应用。如果尚未启动JBoss应用服务器会得到自动启动。
6 现在创建EJB客户端,以同样的方式一个基于控制台的应用程序在解释EJB -创建应用程序一章的主题创建客户端访问EJB。

 

Create/Alter book table

CREATE TABLE book (
   id     integer PRIMARY KEY,
   name   varchar(50)
);
Alter table book add publisher varchar(100);
Alter table book add publisher_address varchar(200);

 

EJBComponent (EJB Module)

Publisher.java

package com.tutorialspoint.entity;

import java.io.Serializable;
import javax.persistence.Embeddable;

@Embeddable
public class Publisher implements Serializable{
    
   private String name;
   private String address;

   public Publisher(){}

   public Publisher(String name, String address){
      this.name = name;
      this.address = address;
   }

   public String getName() {
      return name;
   }

   public void setName(String name) {
      this.name = name;
   }

   public String getAddress() {
      return address;
   }

   public void setAddress(String address) {
      this.address = address;
   }

   public String toString(){
      return name + "," + address;
   }    
}

 

Book.java

package com.tutorialspoint.entity;

import com.tutorialspoint.callback.BookCallbackListener;
import java.io.Serializable;
import javax.persistence.AttributeOverride;
import javax.persistence.AttributeOverrides;
import javax.persistence.Column;
import javax.persistence.Embedded;
import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.EntityListeners;
import javax.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import javax.persistence.GenerationType;
import javax.persistence.Id;
import javax.persistence.Table;

@Entity
@Table(name="book")
public class Book implements Serializable{

   private int id;
   private String name;
   private Publisher publisher;

   public Book(){        
   }

   @Id
   @GeneratedValue(strategy= GenerationType.IDENTITY)
   @Column(name="id")
   public int getId() {
      return id;
   }

   public void setId(int id) {
      this.id = id;
   }

   public String getName() {
      return name;
   }

   public void setName(String name) {
      this.name = name;
   }


   @Embedded
   @AttributeOverrides({
      @AttributeOverride(name = "name", 
         column = @Column(name = "PUBLISHER")),
      @AttributeOverride(name = "address", 
         column = @Column(name = "PUBLISHER_ADDRESS"))
   })
   public Publisher getPublisher() {
      return publisher;
   }

   public void setPublisher(Publisher publisher) {
      this.publisher = publisher;
   }    
}

 

LibraryPersistentBeanRemote.java

package com.tutorialspoint.stateless;

import com.tutorialspoint.entity.Book;
import java.util.List;
import javax.ejb.Remote;

@Remote
public interface LibraryPersistentBeanRemote {

   void addBook(Book bookName);

   List<Book> getBooks();
    
}

 

LibraryPersistentBean.java

package com.tutorialspoint.stateless;

import com.tutorialspoint.entity.Book;
import java.util.List;
import javax.ejb.Stateless;
import javax.persistence.EntityManager;
import javax.persistence.PersistenceContext;

@Stateless
public class LibraryPersistentBean implements LibraryPersistentBeanRemote {
    
   public LibraryPersistentBean(){
   }

   @PersistenceContext(unitName="EjbComponentPU")
   private EntityManager entityManager;         

   public void addBook(Book book) {
      entityManager.persist(book);
   }    

   public List<Book> getBooks() {
      return entityManager.createQuery("From Book").getResultList();
   }
}
  • 一旦你部署EjbComponent项目在Jboss应用服务器 ,发现jboss的日志。

  • JBoss已经自动为我们的会话bean创建一个JNDI入口 - LibraryPersistentBean/remote.

  • 我们将使用这个查询字符串来获得远程类型的业务对象 -com.tutorialspoint.interceptor.LibraryPersistentBeanRemote

 

JBoss应用服务器的日志输出

...
16:30:01,401 INFO  [JndiSessionRegistrarBase] Binding the following Entries in Global JNDI:
   LibraryPersistentBean/remote - EJB3.x Default Remote Business Interface
   LibraryPersistentBean/remote-com.tutorialspoint.interceptor.LibraryPersistentBeanRemote - EJB3.x Remote Business Interface
16:30:02,723 INFO  [SessionSpecContainer] Starting jboss.j2ee:jar=EjbComponent.jar,name=LibraryPersistentBean,service=EJB3
16:30:02,723 INFO  [EJBContainer] STARTED EJB: com.tutorialspoint.interceptor.LibraryPersistentBeanRemote ejbName: LibraryPersistentBean
16:30:02,731 INFO  [JndiSessionRegistrarBase] Binding the following Entries in Global JNDI:

   LibraryPersistentBean/remote - EJB3.x Default Remote Business Interface
   LibraryPersistentBean/remote-com.tutorialspoint.interceptor.LibraryPersistentBeanRemote - EJB3.x Remote Business Interface
...   

 

EJBTester (EJB Client)

jndi.properties

java.naming.factory.initial=org.jnp.interfaces.NamingContextFactory
java.naming.factory.url.pkgs=org.jboss.naming:org.jnp.interfaces
java.naming.provider.url=localhost
  • 这些属性是用来初始化InitialContext对象的Java命名服务

  • InitialContext的对象将被用于查找无状态会话bean

 

EJBTester.java

package com.tutorialspoint.test;
   
import com.tutorialspoint.stateful.LibraryBeanRemote;
import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Properties;
import javax.naming.InitialContext;
import javax.naming.NamingException;

public class EJBTester {

   BufferedReader brConsoleReader = null; 
   Properties props;
   InitialContext ctx;
   {
      props = new Properties();
      try {
         props.load(new FileInputStream("jndi.properties"));
      } catch (IOException ex) {
         ex.printStackTrace();
      }
      try {
         ctx = new InitialContext(props);            
      } catch (NamingException ex) {
         ex.printStackTrace();
      }
      brConsoleReader = 
      new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in));
   }
   
   public static void main(String[] args) {

      EJBTester ejbTester = new EJBTester();

      ejbTester.testEmbeddedObjects();
   }
   
   private void showGUI(){
      System.out.println("**********************");
      System.out.println("Welcome to Book Store");
      System.out.println("**********************");
      System.out.print("Options \n1. Add Book\n2. Exit \nEnter Choice: ");
   }
   
   private void testEmbeddedObjects(){

      try {
         int choice = 1; 

         LibraryPersistentBeanRemote libraryBean = 
        (LibraryPersistentBeanRemote)
         ctx.lookup("LibraryPersistentBean/remote");

         while (choice != 2) {
            String bookName;
            String publisherName;
            String publisherAddress;
            showGUI();
            String strChoice = brConsoleReader.readLine();
            choice = Integer.parseInt(strChoice);
            if (choice == 1) {
               System.out.print("Enter book name: ");
               bookName = brConsoleReader.readLine();
               System.out.print("Enter publisher name: ");
               publisherName = brConsoleReader.readLine();
               System.out.print("Enter publisher address: ");
               publisherAddress = brConsoleReader.readLine();
               Book book = new Book();
               book.setName(bookName);
               book.setPublisher
              (new Publisher(publisherName,publisherAddress));

               libraryBean.addBook(book);          
            } else if (choice == 2) {
               break;
            }
         }

         List<Book> booksList = libraryBean.getBooks();

         System.out.println("Book(s) entered so far: " + booksList.size());
         int i = 0;
         for (Book book:booksList) {
            System.out.println((i+1)+". " + book.getName());
            System.out.println("Publication: "+book.getPublisher());
            i++;
         }           
      } catch (Exception e) {
         System.out.println(e.getMessage());
         e.printStackTrace();
      }finally {
         try {
            if(brConsoleReader !=null){
               brConsoleReader.close();
            }
         } catch (IOException ex) {
            System.out.println(ex.getMessage());
         }
      }
   }
}

EJBTester做以下任务。

  • jndi.properties中加载和初始化的InitialContext对象。

  • In testInterceptedEjb() method, jndi lookup is done with name - "LibraryPersistenceBean/remote" to obtain the remote business object (stateless ejb).

  • Then user is shown a library store User Interface and he/she is asked to enter choice.

  • If user enters 1, system asks for book name and saves the book using stateless session bean addBook() method. Session Bean is storing the book in database.

  • If user enters 2, system retrives books using stateless session bean getBooks() method and exits.

 

运行客户端访问EJB

在项目资源管理器中找到EJBTester.java。右键点击上EJBTester类,并选择 run file.

在Netbeans控制台验证以下输出。

run:
**********************
Welcome to Book Store
**********************
Options 
1. Add Book
2. Exit 
Enter Choice: 1
Enter book name: learn html5
Enter publisher name: SAMS
Enter publisher address: DELHI
**********************
Welcome to Book Store
**********************
Options 
1. Add Book
2. Exit 
Enter Choice: 2
Book(s) entered so far: 1
1. learn html5
Publication: SAMS,DELHI
BUILD SUCCESSFUL (total time: 21 seconds)
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