java PropertyDescriptor 应用及源码分析

时间:2019-07-05
本文章向大家介绍java PropertyDescriptor 应用及源码分析,主要包括java PropertyDescriptor 应用及源码分析使用实例、应用技巧、基本知识点总结和需要注意事项,具有一定的参考价值,需要的朋友可以参考一下。

java PropertyDescriptor 应用及源码分析

1. 概述

PropertyDescriptor描述Java Bean中通过一对存储器方法(getter / setter)导出的一个属性。我们可以通过该PropertyDescriptor对bean中的该属性进行读取和写入操作,也可以设置其getter / setter。

2. 关键接口及内部属性

public PropertyDescriptor(String name, Class<?> beanClass) throws IntrospectionException  
public PropertyDescriptor(String name, Class<?> beanClass, String getMethodName, String setMethodName) throws IntrospectionException  
public PropertyDescriptor(String name, Method readMethod, Method writeMethod) throws IntrospectionException  

public Class<?> getPropertyType()  
public Method getReadMethod()  
public Method getWriteMethod()  

public void setReadMethod(Method readMethod) throws IntrospectionException  
public void setWriteMethod(Method writeMethod)  
public boolean equals(Object o)   

相关的PropertyDescriptor内部属性如下: 
Class<?> propertyType; //该属性的类型 
Method getMethod; //getter 
Method setMethod; //setter 
还有继承自其父类FeatureDescriptor的功能,用于指定该属性的编程名称

3. 简单应用

现有Person类如下:

package com.cwind.property;  

public class Person {  
        private String name ;  
        private int age ;  

        public Person(){ this.name = ""; this.age = 0; }  
        public Person(String name, int age) { super(); this.name = name; this. age = age; }  

        public String getName() { return name; }  
        public void setName(String name) { this. name = name; }  

        public int getAge() { return age; }  
        public void setAge(int age) { this. age = age; }  

        public String getNameInUpperCase(){  
               return this .name .toUpperCase();  
       }  
        public void setNameToLowerCase(String name){  
               this.name = name.toLowerCase();  
       }  
}  

该类中除了name和age两个属性的标准getter和setter之外,还有增加了一个获取大写name的get方法和一个将name设置为小写的set方法。 
在测试类中,首先获得这两个方法对象。

Class personClass = Class.forName("com.cwind.property.Person");  
Method read = personClass.getMethod("getNameInUpperCase", null);  
Method write = personClass.getMethod("setNameToLowerCase", String.class );  

//然后可以通过两种方式构造PropertyDescriptor  
PropertyDescriptor prop1 = new PropertyDescriptor( "name", Person.class );     //使用其标准getter和setter  
PropertyDescriptor prop2 = new PropertyDescriptor( "name", read, write);     //使用read和write两个方法对象所自定义的getter和setter  

//下面构建一个Person对象  
Person person = new Person("Kobe" , 36);  
System. out.println(prop1.getReadMethod().invoke(person, null));     // --实际调用Person.getName(), result: Kobe  
System. out.println(prop2.getReadMethod().invoke(person, null));     // --实际调用Person.getNameInUpperCase(), result: KOBE  

prop1.getWriteMethod().invoke(person, "James");     // --实际调用Person.setName(), person.name被设置为James  
prop2.getWriteMethod().invoke(person, "James");     // --实际调用Person.setNameToLowerCase(), person.name被设置为james  

4. 源码分析

构造函数1:

public PropertyDescriptor(String name, Class<?> beanClass)  
        throws IntrospectionException {  
        setName(name);     //设置属性编程名,本例中即'name'  
        if (name.length() == 0){  
            throw new IntrospectionException("empty property name");       
// 编程名为空则抛出异常  
        }  
        String caps = Character.toUpperCase(name.charAt(0)) + name.substring(1);       
// 标准getter应为getName()或isName(), 先将首字母大写  
        findMethods(beanClass, "is" + caps, "get" + caps, "set" + caps);       
// 参数依次为:类类型,可能的getter函数名1,可能的getter函数名2,setter函数名  
        if (getMethod == null){   // findMethods()设置PropertyDescriptor的getMethod和setMethod属性  
            throw new IntrospectionException(  
                "Cannot find a is" + caps + " or get" + caps + " method");  
        }  
        if (setMethod == null){  
            throw new IntrospectionException(  
                "Cannot find a " + caps + " method" );  
        }  
        propertyType = checkMethods(getMethod, setMethod);       
// checkMethods()函数用来检测getMethod得到的类型与setMethod的参数类型是否匹配,若匹配则置propertyType为该类型  
    } 

构造函数2: 
public PropertyDescriptor(String name, Class

private void findMethods(Class beanClass, String getMethodName1, String getMethodName2, String setMethodName) throws IntrospectionException {  
        try {  
            // 首先查找getMethodName1指定的getter (isXXX)  
            if (getMethodName1 != null) {  
                try {  
                    getMethod = beanClass.getMethod(getMethodName1, new Class[0]);  
                }  
                catch (NoSuchMethodException e)  
                {}  
            }  
            // 若失败,则查找getMethodName2指定的getter (getXXX)  
            if (getMethod == null && getMethodName2 != null) {  
                try {  
                    getMethod = beanClass.getMethod(getMethodName2, new Class[0]);  
                }  
                catch (NoSuchMethodException e)  
                {}  
            }  
            if (setMethodName != null) {  
                if (getMethod != null) {  
                    // 如果得到了getMethod,则通过其返回值类型决定setMethod的参数类型  
                    Class propertyType = getMethod.getReturnType();  
                    if (propertyType == Void.TYPE) {   
// 若getter的返回值为Void类型则抛出异常  
                        String msg = "The property's read method has return type 'void'";  
                        throw new IntrospectionException(msg);  
                    }  

                    Class[] setArgs = new Class[] { propertyType };   
                    try {  
                        setMethod = beanClass.getMethod(setMethodName, setArgs);   
// 通过函数名和参数类型获得setMethod  
                    }  
                    catch (NoSuchMethodException e)  
                    {}  
                }  
                else if (getMethodName1 == null && getMethodName2 == null) {  
                    // getMethodName1和2均为空,则此属性为只写属性,此时遍历bean中的函数,返回第一个名称与setMethodName一致且返回类型为Void的单参数函数  
                    Method[] methods = beanClass.getMethods();  
                    for (int i = 0; i < methods.length; i++) {  
                        if (methods[i].getName().equals(setMethodName)  
                            && methods[i].getParameterTypes().length == 1  
                            && methods[i].getReturnType() == Void.TYPE) {  
                            setMethod = methods[i];  
                            break;  
                        }  
                    }  
                }  
            }  
        }  
        catch (SecurityException e) {  
            String msg = "SecurityException thrown on attempt to access methods.";     // 作者在纠结要不要修改异常类型  
            throw new IntrospectionException(msg);  
        }  
    }  

checkMethods方法

private Class<?> checkMethods(Method readMethod, Method writeMethod) throws IntrospectionException {  
        Class<?> newPropertyType = propertyType;  
         // 合法的read方法应该无参同时带有一个非空的返回值类型  
        if (readMethod != null) {  
            if (readMethod.getParameterTypes().length > 0) {  
                throw new IntrospectionException("read method has unexpected parameters");  
            }  
            newPropertyType = readMethod.getReturnType();  
             if (newPropertyType == Void.TYPE) {  
                throw new IntrospectionException("read method return type is void");  
            }  
        }  
         // 合法的write方法应该包含一个类型相同的参数  
        if (writeMethod != null) {  
            if (writeMethod.getParameterTypes().length != 1) { // 参数不能超过一个  
                String msg = "write method does not have exactly one parameter" ;  
                throw new IntrospectionException(msg);  
            }  
            if (readMethod == null) {  
                // 若无read方法,属性类型就应为writeMethod的参数类型  
                newPropertyType = writeMethod.getParameterTypes()[0];  
            }  
            else {  
                // 检查read方法的返回值类型是否与write方法的参数类型相匹配  
                if (newPropertyType != null  
                    && !newPropertyType.isAssignableFrom(  
                        writeMethod.getParameterTypes()[0])) {  
                     throw new IntrospectionException("read and write method are not compatible");  
                }  
            }  
        }  
         return newPropertyType;  
    }  

最后提一句PropertyDescriptor.equals(), 只有当属性类型、标志、读写方法和PropertyEditorClass均相同时才认为两个PropertyDescriptor相等

return samePropertyType  
                && sameFlags  
                && sameReadMethod  
                && sameWriteMethod  
                && samePropertyEditorClass;  

转载自:http://cwind.iteye.com/blog/2028208?utm_source=tuicool 

参考:http://blog.csdn.net/z69183787/article/details/8443777

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