springboot 配置和使用过滤器

时间:2020-09-16
本文章向大家介绍springboot 配置和使用过滤器,主要包括springboot 配置和使用过滤器使用实例、应用技巧、基本知识点总结和需要注意事项,具有一定的参考价值,需要的朋友可以参考一下。
首先在Application文件中添加注解@ServletComponentScan自动扫描当前类的同包以及子包,这样才能将filter装入bean
package com.example.academy;

import org.mybatis.spring.annotation.MapperScan;
import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.web.servlet.ServletComponentScan;

@ServletComponentScan
@SpringBootApplication
@MapperScan("com.example.academy.dao")
public class AcademyApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(AcademyApplication.class, args);
    }

}

然后配置自己的filter
package com.example.academy.filter;

import javax.servlet.*;
import javax.servlet.annotation.WebFilter;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSession;
import java.io.IOException;

@WebFilter(urlPatterns = "/*")
public class LoginFilter implements Filter {
    private final String[] notFilterUrl = {"/index", "/login", "js", "css", "images", "fonts"};//不拦截列表

    @Override
    public void doFilter(ServletRequest servletRequest, ServletResponse servletResponse, FilterChain filterChain) throws IOException, ServletException {
        //判断是否为HttpServletRequest/HttpServletResponse请求
        if (!(servletRequest instanceof HttpServletRequest) || !(servletResponse instanceof HttpServletResponse)) {
            throw new ServletException("拦截器仅支持HTTP请求");
        }
        HttpServletRequest request = (HttpServletRequest) servletRequest;
        HttpServletResponse response = (HttpServletResponse) servletResponse;
        String uri = request.getRequestURI();
        boolean notFilter = false;
        //遍历不拦截列表并查找是否存在指定值
        for (String str : notFilterUrl) {
            if (uri.contains(str)) {
                notFilter = true;
                break;
            }
        }
        System.out.println("过滤器工作");
        HttpSession session = request.getSession();
        Object user = session.getAttribute("id");
        if (user == null && !notFilter) {
            response.sendRedirect("index");
            return;
        }
        filterChain.doFilter(request, response);

    }
}

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