10条简化工作的HTML5代码段

时间:2020-05-29
本文章向大家介绍10条简化工作的HTML5代码段,主要包括10条简化工作的HTML5代码段使用实例、应用技巧、基本知识点总结和需要注意事项,具有一定的参考价值,需要的朋友可以参考一下。

HTML5 包括了现代网站上常用的元素和属性,融合了 HTML 和 XHTML 标准。它的设计使得老旧的浏览器可以直接忽略新的 HTML 5 结构。

本文推荐了10段 HTML5 代码段,可以大大简化你的工作。

1 配合 HTML5 的 CSS 重设

/*html5doctor.com Reset Stylesheet
(Eric Meyer's Reset Reloaded + HTML5 baseline) v1.4 2009-07-27 | Authors: Eric Meyer & Richard Clark
html5doctor.com/html-5-reset-stylesheet/ */

html, body, div, span, object, iframe,
h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6, p, blockquote, pre,
abbr, address, cite, code,
del, dfn, em, img, ins, kbd, q, samp,
small, strong, sub, sup, var,
b, i,
dl, dt, dd, ol, ul, li,
fieldset, form, label, legend,
table, caption, tbody, tfoot, thead, tr, th, td,
article, aside, figure, footer, header, hgroup, menu, nav, section, menu,
time, mark, audio, video {
margin:0;
padding:0;
border:0;
outline:0;
font-size:100%;
vertical-align:baseline;
background:transparent;
}

article, aside, figure, footer, header,
hgroup, nav, section { display:block; }

nav ul { list-style:none; }

blockquote, q { quotes:none; }

blockquote:before, blockquote:after,
q:before, q:after { content:''; content:none; }

a { margin:0; padding:0; font-size:100%; vertical-align:baseline; background:transparent; }

ins { background-color:#ff9; color:#000; text-decoration:none; }

mark { background-color:#ff9; color:#000; font-style:italic; font-weight:bold; }

del { text-decoration: line-through; }

abbr[title], dfn[title] { border-bottom:1px dotted #000; cursor:help; }

/* tables still need cellspacing="0" in the markup */
table { border-collapse:collapse; border-spacing:0; }

hr { display:block; height:1px; border:0; border-top:1px solid #ccc; margin:1em 0; padding:0; }

input, select { vertical-align:middle; }
/* END RESET CSS */

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2 HTML5 视频 (Flash 降级处理)

<video width="640" height="360" controls>
    <source src="__VIDEO__.MP4"  type="video/mp4" />
    <source src="__VIDEO__.OGV"  type="video/ogg" />
    <object width="640" height="360" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" data="__FLASH__.SWF">
        <param name="movie" value="__FLASH__.SWF" />
        <param name="flashvars" value="controlbar=over&amp;image=__POSTER__.JPG&amp;file=__VIDEO__.MP4" />
        <img src="__VIDEO__.JPG" width="640" height="360" alt="__TITLE__"
             title="No video playback capabilities, please download the video below" />
    </object>
</video>

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3 HTML5 起始页

<!DOCTYPE HTML>
<html>
<head>
<meta charset = "utf-8">
<title></title>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">
<script type="text/javascript" src="http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.6.2/jquery.min.js"></script>
<!--[if IE]><script src="http://html5shiv.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/html5.js"></script><![endif]-->
<script scr ="script/script.js"></script>

</head>

<body>



<header>


</header>





</body> </html>

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4 创建 Google 静态地图

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0 maximum-scale=1.0, user-scalable=no" />
    <title>Geo Location</title>

    <style type="text/css" media="screen">
        html{ height: 100%; }
        body{ height: 100%; margin: 0; padding: 0; }
        #map{ width: 100%; height: 100%; }
    </style>

        <!-- jQuery Min -->
        <script type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8" src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.4.3/jquery.min.js"></script>

        <!-- Google Maps -->
        <script type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8" src="http://maps.google.com/maps/api/js?sensor=true"></script>

        <script charset="utf-8" type="text/javascript">
        mapWidth = screen.width;
        mapHeight = screen.height;

        $(document).ready(function(){
            var geo = navigator.geolocation;
            if( geo ){
                //Used for Static Maps
                geo.watchPosition( showLocation, mapError, { timeout: 5000, enableHighAccuracy: true } );
            }

            function createStaticMarker( markerColor, markerLabel, lat, lng ){
                return "&markers=color:" + markerColor + "|label:" + markerLabel + "|" + lat + "," + lng;               
            }

            function createStaticMap( position ){
                var lat = position.coords.latitude;
                var lng = position.coords.longitude;
                var zoom = 20;
                var sensor = true;

                var img = $("<img>");
                    img.attr( { src: "http://maps.google.com/maps/api/staticmap?" +
                                "center=" + 
                                lat + "," +
                                lng + 
                                "&zoom=" + zoom + 
                                "&size=" + mapWidth + "x" + mapHeight + 
                                createStaticMarker( "blue", "1", lat, lng ) + 
                                "&sensor=" + sensor } );
                    return img;
            }

            function showLocation( position ){
                var lat = position.coords.latitude;
                var lng = position.coords.longitude;
                var latlng = new google.maps.LatLng( lat, lng );

                $("#map").html( createStaticMap( position ) )

            }

            function mapError( e ){
                var error;
                switch( e.code ){
                    case 1: 
                        error = "Permission Denied";
                    break;
                    case 2: 
                        error = "Network or Satellites Down";
                    break;
                    case 3: 
                        error = "GeoLocation timed out";
                    break;
                    case 0: 
                        error = "Other Error";
                    break;
                }
                $("#map").html( error );
            }


        });
        </script>

    </head>
    <body>
        <div id="map">

        </div>
    </body>
</html>

source

5 简单HTML5 起始页模板

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
    <head>
        <meta charset="utf-8">
        <title>Untitled</title>
        <!--[if lt IE 9]>
        <script src="http://html5shim.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/html5.js"></script>
        <![endif]-->
    </head>
    <body>

    </body>
</html>

source

6 HTML5 页面结构

<!DOCTYPE HTML>

<html>

<head>
        <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8" />
        <title>Your Website</title>
</head>

<body>

        <header>
                <nav>
                        <ul>
                                <li>Your menu</li>
                        </ul>
                </nav>
        </header>

        <section>

                <article>
                        <header>
                                <h2>Article title</h2>
                                <p>Posted on <time datetime="2009-09-04T16:31:24+02:00">September 4th 2009</time> by <a href="#">Writer</a> - <a href="#comments">6 comments</a></p>
                        </header>
                        <p>Pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada fames ac turpis egestas.</p>
                </article>

                <article>
                        <header>
                                <h2>Article title</h2>
                                <p>Posted on <time datetime="2009-09-04T16:31:24+02:00">September 4th 2009</time> by <a href="#">Writer</a> - <a href="#comments">6 comments</a></p>
                        </header>
                        <p>Pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada fames ac turpis egestas.</p>
                </article>

        </section>

        <aside>
                <h2>About section</h2>
                <p>Donec eu libero sit amet quam egestas semper. Aenean ultricies mi vitae est. Mauris placerat eleifend leo.</p>
        </aside>

        <footer>
                <p>Copyright 2009 Your name</p>
        </footer>

</body>

</html>

source

7 HTML5 上下文菜单

<section contextmenu="mymenu">
<p>Yes, this section right here</p>
</section>

<menu type="context" id="mymenu">
  <menuitem label="Please do not steal our images" icon="img/forbidden.png"></menuitem>
  <menu label="Social Networks">
  <menuitem label="Share on Facebook" onclick="window.location.href = 'http://facebook.com/sharer/sharer.php?u=' + window.location.href;">   </menuitem>
  </menu>
</menu>

source

8 HTML5 数据列表

<datalist id="frameworks">
    <option value="MooTools">
    <option value="Moobile">
    <option value="Dojo Toolkit">
    <option value="jQuery">
    <option value="YUI">
</datalist>

source

9 从Google地图获取线路指引

<form action="http://maps.google.com/maps" method="get" target="_blank">
   <label for="saddr">Enter your location</label>
   <input type="text" name="saddr" />
   <input type="hidden用正则表达式" name="daddr" value="350 5th Ave New York, NY 10018 (Empire State Building)" />
   <input type="submit" value="Get directions" />
</form>

source

10 HTML5 电子邮箱地址验证(基于正则表达式)

<input type="text" title="email" required pattern="[^@]+@[^@]+\.[a-zA-Z]{2,6}" />

source


参见: 10 Best HTML5 Code Snippets to Simplify Your Tasks

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