mysql查找删除重复数据并只保留一条

标签: mysql删除重复数据查找重复数据   时间:2016-09-18
mysql表中,某一字段的值有很多重复数据,需要将这些重复的数据记录删除,只保留其中的一条数据即可,如何使用SQL语句来实现呢,本文章向大家介绍mysql如何查找删除重复数据,需要的朋友可以参考一下。

有这样一张表,表数据及结果如下:

school_id school_name total_student test_takers
1239 Abraham Lincoln High School 55 50
1240 Abraham Lincoln High School 70 35
1241 Acalanes High School 120 89
1242 Academy Of The Canyons 30 30
1243 Agoura High School 89 40
1244 Agoura High School 100 50

我们可以看出,school_name的字段值有重复数据(Abraham Lincoln High School 和Agoura High School分别出现两次),那么如何删除这两条数据,从而只让这两个数值出现一次呢? 具体实现方法如下:

1、删除重复记录,保存Id最小的一条

delete FROM `test` WHERE `school_name` in (SELECT `school_name`
FROM  `test` 
GROUP BY  `school_name` 
HAVING COUNT( * ) >1) and school_id not in (select min(school_id) from test group by school_id having count(* )>1)

先使用GROUP BY having语法查询出重复的数据,然后删除重复数据并保留school_id最小的一条.

 

2、删除重复记录,保存Id最大的一条

delete FROM `test` WHERE `school_name` in (SELECT `school_name`
FROM  `test` 
GROUP BY  `school_name` 
HAVING COUNT( * ) >1) and school_id not in (select max(school_id) from test group by school_id having count(* )>1)

原理和上面一样。 

原文地址:http://www.manongjc.com/article/1483.html