mysql create table select复制表结构和数据实例讲解

标签: mysql复制表拷贝表   时间:2016-09-11
在mysql数据库开发中,我们有时候需要复制或拷贝一张表结构和数据到例外一张表,这个时候我们可以使用create ... select ... from语句来实现,本文章向大家介绍mysql复制表结构和数据一个简单实例,需要的朋友可以参考一下。

比如现在有一张表,我们要将该表复制一份,以备以后使用,那么如何使用mysql语句来实现呢?其实我们可以直接使用create ... select ... from语句来实现,具体实现方法请看下面实例。

 

我们先来创建一张Topic表,创建Topic表的SQL语句如下:

mysql> CREATE TABLE Topic(
    ->    TopicID     SMALLINT NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY,
    ->    Name        VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL,
    ->    InStock     SMALLINT UNSIGNED NOT NULL,
    ->    OnOrder     SMALLINT UNSIGNED NOT NULL,
    ->    Reserved    SMALLINT UNSIGNED NOT NULL,
    ->    Department  ENUM('Classical', 'Popular') NOT NULL,
    ->    Category    VARCHAR(20) NOT NULL,
    ->    RowUpdate   TIMESTAMP NOT NULL
    -> );

向Topic表中插入数据:

mysql> INSERT INTO Topic (Name,          InStock, OnOrder, Reserved, Department,   Category) VALUES
    ->                   ('Java',          10,      5,       3,        'Popular',    'Rock'),
    ->                   ('JavaScript',    10,      5,       3,        'Classical',  'Opera'),
    ->                   ('C Sharp',       17,      4,       1,        'Popular',    'Jazz'),
    ->                   ('C',             9,       4,       2,        'Classical',  'Dance'),
    ->                   ('C++',           24,      2,       5,        'Classical',  'General'),
    ->                   ('Perl',          16,      6,       8,        'Classical',  'Vocal'),
    ->                   ('Python',        2,       25,      6,        'Popular',    'Blues'),
    ->                   ('Php',           32,      3,       10,       'Popular',    'Jazz'),
    ->                   ('ASP.net',       12,      15,      13,       'Popular',    'Country'),
    ->                   ('VB.net',        5,       20,      10,       'Popular',    'New Age'),
    ->                   ('VC.net',        24,      11,      14,       'Popular',    'New Age'),
    ->                   ('UML',           42,      17,      17,       'Classical',  'General'),
    ->                   ('www.java2s.com',25,      44,      28,       'Classical',  'Dance'),
    ->                   ('Oracle',        32,      15,      12,       'Classical',  'General'),
    ->                   ('Pl/SQL',        20,      10,      5,        'Classical',  'Opera'),
    ->                   ('Sql Server',    23,      12,      8,        'Classical',  'General');
Query OK, 16 rows affected (0.00 sec)
Records: 16  Duplicates: 0  Warnings: 0

现在我们要将这张表复制一份,具体操作如下:

mysql> CREATE TABLE Topic2
    -> (
    ->    TopicID     SMALLINT NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY,
    ->    Name        VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL,
    ->    InStock     SMALLINT UNSIGNED NOT NULL,
    ->    OnOrder     SMALLINT UNSIGNED NOT NULL,
    ->    Reserved    SMALLINT UNSIGNED NOT NULL,
    ->    Department  ENUM('Classical', 'Popular') NOT NULL,
    ->    Category    VARCHAR(20) NOT NULL,
    ->    RowUpdate   TIMESTAMP NOT NULL
    -> )
    -> SELECT *
    -> FROM Topic

这样表Topic2和Topic表不仅拥有相同的表结构,表数据也是一样的了。

 

例外,如果我们只需要复制表结构,不需要复制数据,也可以使用create like来实现:

create table a like users; 

原文地址:http://www.manongjc.com/article/1479.html