mysql ALTER TABLE修改表命令实例大全

标签: mysqlALTER TABLE   时间:2016-09-11
MYSQL ALTER TABLE命令用于修改表结构,例如添加/修改/删除字段、索引、主键等等,本文章通过实例向大家介绍MYSQL ALTER TABLE语句的使用方法,需要的朋友可以参考一下。

MySQL ALTER语法如下:

ALTER [IGNORE] TABLE tbl_name alter_spec [, alter_spec ...] 
alter_specification: 
ADD [COLUMN] create_definition [FIRST | AFTER column_name ] 
or ADD INDEX [index_name] (index_col_name,...) 
or ADD PRIMARY KEY (index_col_name,...) 
or ADD UNIQUE [index_name] (index_col_name,...) 
or ALTER [COLUMN] col_name {SET DEFAULT literal | DROP DEFAULT} 
or CHANGE [COLUMN] old_col_name create_definition 
or MODIFY [COLUMN] create_definition 
or DROP [COLUMN] col_name 
or DROP PRIMARY KEY 
or DROP INDEX index_name 
or RENAME [AS] new_tbl_name 
or table_options 

 

下面来看几个实例:

1、向表employee中添加Account_Number字段并设置其字段类型为INT

ALTER TABLE employee ADD COLUMN Account_Number INT

 

2、修改表employee中的ID字段为索引

ALTER TABLE employee ADD INDEX (ID)

 

3、修改表employee中的ID字段为主键PRIMARY KEY

ALTER TABLE employee ADD PRIMARY KEY (ID)

 

4、修改表employee中的ID字段为唯一索引UNIQUE 

ALTER TABLE employee ADD UNIQUE (ID)

 

5、将employee表中的id字段重命名为salary并设置其数据类型为int

ALTER TABLE employee CHANGE ID salary INT

 

6、删除employee表中的Customer_ID字段

ALTER TABLE employee DROP Customer_ID

 

7、删除employee表中所有主键

ALTER TABLE employee DROP PRIMARY KEY

 

8、删除employee表中字段Customer_ID的索引,只是将Customer_ID的索引取消,不会删除Customer_ID字段。

ALTER TABLE employee DROP INDEX Customer_ID

 

9、修改employee表中First_Name的字段类型为varchar(100)

ALTER TABLE employee MODIFY First_Name varchar(100)

 

10、将表employee重命名为Customer

ALTER TABLE employee RENAME Customer

 

11、多命令写在一起:

mysql> ALTER TABLE Books
    -> ADD PRIMARY KEY (BookID),
    -> ADD CONSTRAINT fk_1 FOREIGN KEY (PubID) REFERENCES Publishers (PubID),
    -> ADD COLUMN Format ENUM('paperback', 'hardcover') NOT NULL AFTER BookName;

原文地址:http://www.manongjc.com/article/1476.html